The world still has the remains of great civilizations that happened to survive on it and mark a name none can repudiate now. Each of them holds a story and a series of incidents that are associated with them. For some, it is always alluring to go to those places personally and live the moments by recalling all that has happened to them. And others may sit back and get an online journey. For this reason, few ancient yet wondrous global sites are selected to make our journey in history and knowledge appealing and powerful. One among many others is the renowned historical building of Egypt. The Great Sphinx of Giza. Let’s travel Egypt with the author.
History of The Great Sphinx of Giza-Egypt:
Khafra was a king- an Egyptian Pharaoh in 4th dynasty. It is common in their culture to built tombs of their kings as they passed away. Egypt contains many pyramids and if we dig deep into the history of these architectures we will come to know that many of these are built in memory of their great pharaohs. And for this reason, ancient people saw these buildings with respect and consider them as a source of divinity.
The Great Sphinx of Giza or simply Sphinx of Giza is a statue and it is commonly known that the face of sphinx represents the face of Khafra-the Egyptian Pharaoh. Sphinx is a mysterious monster construed with a lion’s body and a woman’s head. The answers to the questions like who built this statue and for what purpose is still to be discovered. The time frame for the construction of this building is also a matter of conflict among the Egyptology but an estimated study says it was built some 2500 BC for Khafra.
Back in the days, the statue of Sphinx of Giza cemetery was forsaken and as a result, the statute went into the heap of sand up to the shoulders. Then for the first time, the 8th Pharaoh of Egypt Thutmose IV assembled a team for the purpose of the statue’s excavation. And with much effort, they dig out some parts of the statue (the front paws). Three more excavations were held and people managed to dig out the statue parts by parts but the complete architecture was discovered in the period of 1926 to 1936. It was done by Emile Baraize who was a french egyptologist.
In the middle years, the Egyptian engineers also repaired the statue’s head because it was fallen. The nose of the statue is missing and there are various stories attached with this. Some believe it was destroyed by a cannonball fired by the soldiers. Others believed as the Sphinx was a symbol of divinity and people make offering through it. So some local peasants prayed for the increase in their harvest and on getting furious they cut down the nose of the statue and were hanged later for attempting vandalism.
Sphinx in early Egyptian period was a way of solar worship and the lion was an also attached with the sun in eastern civilizations. It’s a symbol of valor and bravery. It’s believed that the Sphinx, its temple and the mortuary of Khafra are all part of one complex Egyptian dynasty IV. And the reason for constructing it in this way is to show the courage of Khafra against its enemies. Past 700 years show that there have been numerous visitors of this great site that holds a deep history. Reports have been made on it And many tourists shared what experience they had upon seeing the site. A generic statement was made by John Lawson Stoddard who was an American hymn writer and lecturer. He said:
“It is the antiquity of the Sphinx which thrills us as we look upon it, for in itself it has no charms. The desert’s waves have risen to its breast as if to wrap the monster in a winding-sheet of gold. The face and head have been mutilated by Moslem fanatics. The mouth, the beauty of whose lips was once admired, is now expressionless. Yet grand in its loneliness, – veiled in the mystery of unnamed ages, – the relic of Egyptian antiquity stands solemn and silent in the presence of the awful desert – symbol of eternity. Here it disputes with Time the empire of the past; forever gazing on and on into a future which will still be distant when we, like all who have preceded us and looked upon its face, have lived our little lives and disappeared.”
Egypt is a center of historical sites and The Great Sphinx of Giza is nonetheless one beauty and a must visit among them all.